Estonian society has become more architecture-conscious in recent years and architecture is discussed increasingly in public.
The field of architecture has expanded and now encompasses all general aspects of the living environment, such as planning, interior and landscape architecture, structural engineering, urban planning and art in public spaces.
Planning of the built environment is regulated by five ministries:
- Ministry of Culture – protection of architectural heritage, architecture as a field of art, supervision of the implementation of architectural policies;
- Ministry of the Interior – spatial planning, regional development and local government matters;
- Ministry of the Environment – environmental protection, landscape protection;
- Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications – construction and housing;
- Ministry of Finance – management of the state real estate, public procurements.
- Estonian Academy of Arts – architecture and interior architecture;
- Tallinn University of Technology – architecture;
- Tallinn University of Applied Sciences – applied architecture.
About 500 companies operate in the field of architecture in Estonia.
Nearly 1,200 people are employed in architectural planning, spatial planning and landscaping businesses.
The main foreign markets are Finland, Ukraine, Belarus, and increasingly also African countries.
Estonian architectural policy is based on the document of that very name – “Estonian Architectural Policy” – which was approved by the Government of the Republic on 22 October 2002. The goal of architectural policy is to treat the built environment as a component of our national heritage, and to preserve and increase its value.
What does this document govern?
The document highlights the obligations and responsibilities of the concerned parties.
What are an architect’s obligations?
The document covers the obligations and responsibilities of an architect’s profession.
What is the objective of architectural policy?
The document lists six major goals of Estonian architectural policy:
to treat the built environment as a component of our national heritage, and to preserve and increase its value;
- to create possibilities for the development of a living environment that satisfies the inhabitants’ social needs, and is at the same time safe and harmonious;
- to foster the society’s sense of responsibility for the living environment by promoting architectural education and architecture as a discipline;
to support spatial planning, creation of high-class architecture and high-quality construction;
to support the development of architectural education, planning, urban construction, construction engineering, and study of construction materials;
to take measures in order to preserve architectural heritage as one of the pillars of national cultural history.
Mapping and analysing worthwhile architecture of the 20th century
The museum records, preserves and introduces the history and development of Estonian architecture.
A society that unites umbrella organisations and professional unions; created to enhance the field through regular communication.
An organisation that forms architectural policies in Europe; the Ministry of Culture has been a member since 2007.
A state-owned real estate development and management company, which advises the state on real estate matters.
- Union of Estonian Architects (EAL)
A creative union for architects; organises architectural events and competitions, issues professional qualification certificates. EAL represents Estonian architects in international organisations, such as ACE (Architects' Council of Europe), BAUA (Baltic Architects Unions Association) and UIA (International Union of Architects).
- Union of Estonian Interior Architects
A creative union for interior architects, which issues professional qualification certificates to interior architects.
- Estonian Landscape Architects’ Union
Professional creative association for landscape architects and landscaping scholars, which issues professional qualification certificates to landscape architects.
- Estonian Association of Architectural and Consulting Engineering Companies
An association of companies that offer construction consultation services.
- Estonian Association of Spatial Planners
An association of people that deal with spatial planning.
Community organisations (societies)
Adviser (Architecture and design)
Phone +372 682 8207