Restoration of cultural monuments is financed by the state, local governments, and private owners. The task of the Ministry of Culture is to form policies, put together budgets, and implement state grant programmes.
The Ministry of Culture finances the study and preservation (incl. maintenance) of rural architecture and landscapes, for this it has compiled a development plan “Rural architecture and landscapes. Study and preservation.” The focus of the development plan is, on the one hand, on rural architecture and landscapes as a whole,and, on the other hand, on the most unique and exceptional building type – the farmhouse-cum-barn. One of the activities under the development was the compilation of a registry of such farmhouses. The plan is carried out by SA Eesti Vabaõhumuuseum (Estonian Open Air Museum).
Through the programme “Schools in manor houses 2012-2016” the state supports the preservation of these unique centres of culture and education, and the renovation of cultural goods found therein.
The programme “Preservation and development of cultural heritage” is used for interdisciplinary large-scale development activities to raise people’s awareness in matters of conservation and to promote non-profit cooperation projects.
Specific allocations and investments are made to churches and to the Estonian Heritage Conservation Society.
Via the National Heritage Board, all owners and possessors of cultural goods can apply for grants. The National Heritage Board is also responsible for the churches programme.
Thanks to foreign resources we have managed to restore several objects of cultural value and conduct research. The Norwegian and European Economic Area financial mechanism has allocated money for the maintenance of cultural heritage objects in two consecutive periods (2004-2009 and 2009-2014), which has been invested in manor schools. The objective of the programme is to support the multifunctional use of old manor houses and to improve the learning and development environment of children. With the help of the Norwegian and EEA financial mechanism, a total of nine schools in five Estonian counties have been renovated.