Estonian broadcasting industry includes the Estonian Public Broadcasting (ERR), private TV and radio stations plus companies that produce TV programmes and series for several channels.
The Ministry of Culture is responsible for broadcasting policy. Thus, it participates in a number of transeuropean policy making processes and work groups.
Pursuant to the Audiovisual Media Services Directive of the EU, media policy, its regulation and supervision are separate from one another. In Estonia, the role of an independent media services controller is given to the Estonian Technical Surveillance Authority under the administration of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.
Estonian TV landscape
In November 2013 the inhabitants of Estonia watched television for 3 hours and 51 minutes per day on average. Free-access TV stations are the public channel of the Estonian Public Broadcasting and private channels Kanal 2, TV3 and Tallinn Television. The number of cable-TV channels is much bigger.
The broadcasting sector consists about of 90 businesses, which employ almost 1,500 people.
ERR employed 627 people in 2014.
In 2015 the budger of ERR was 30,682,226 euros.
The broadcasting sector is governed directly by the Media Services Act and Estonian Public Broadcasting Act and indirectly by the Copyright Act.'
The applicable EU legislation includes the Audiovisual Media Services Directive.
Media services and the European Union
In the context of the European Union the most significant is our participation in the Contact Committee for the Audiovisual Media Services Directive. The Contact Committee implements the directive and analyses the development of audiovisual media in member states as well as the need for further development of the directive.
The media is largely regulated by the Steering Committee on Media and Information Society of the Council of Europe, which primarily concentrates on the topic of freedom of the press and human rights in the context of media development.
Estonian Technical Surveillance Authority
The Authority organises competitions for activity licences in media services and oversees that the licences are not violated. The Ministry of Culture lays down the condtions for these competitions.
Estonian Public Broadcasting
The Estonian PublicBroadcasting (ERR) is a legal entity governed by public law. ERR broadcasts two TV and five radio programmes plus a number of specialised portals. The framework and main duties of ERR are provided for in the Estonian Public Broadcasting Act.